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Title: Vaginal Birth after a Previous Caesarean Section: Current Trends and Outlook Ghana
Other Titles: L'accouchement Vaginal Apres Une Cesarienne Anterieure: Les Tendances Actuelles Et Les Perspectives Au Ghana
Authors: Seffah, J.D.
Abu-Bonsaffoh, k.
Keywords: TOLAC
Good outcome
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
Series/Report no.: Vol. 4;No.2; Pp1-25
Abstract: Background: The optimal mode of subsequent delivery of women with prior caesarean birth remains a subject of intense research and debate in contemporary obstetric practice especially in low resource settings like West Africa where there are obvious systemic and management-related challenges associated with trial of scar. However, there is evidence that vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) is safe in appropriately selected women in addition to adequate intrapartum monitoring and ready access to theatre when emergency CS is indicated. Aim &0bjectives:The primary objective of the study was to determine the current trends and performance of VBAC in Ghana after decades of practice of trial of labour after caesarean section (TOLAC) in the mist of inherent challenges in deciding the optimal mode of childbirth for women with a previous caesarean birth. The secondary objective was to relate evidence based practice of TOLAC to obstetric practice in low resource settings like Ghana and provide recommendations for improving maternal and newborn health among women with prior caesarean birth Patients & Methods: This was a retrospective study of the records of patients who had had a prior caesarean delivery and who then proceeded to deliver the next babies at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH) between Jan 2010 and Dec 2014. The data on demography, antenatal care, labour and delivery and outcomes were collected from the Labour and Recovery wards and the Biostatistics unit of the Maternity unit of the Hospital. Excluded were women with a previous CS who had multiple pregnancies and those with incomplete notes as well as those whose delivery plans were not predetermined antenatally.. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: There were 53,581 deliveries during the study period. Vaginal delivery was obtained in 31,870 (59.5%) pregnancies and 21,711(40.S%) had CS. Also, 6261 (11.7%) had had a prior CS and 2472 (39.5%) of these were selected forTOl.AC while 2119 (33.8) were scheduled for planned repeat CS. There was an inverse trend between the annual caesarean sections rates and the proportion of women with one previous CS scheduled for TOLAC. There was a statistically significant difference between women who had successful or failed VBAC regarding maternal age, parity, number of ANC visits, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, Apgar score at 1 min and Apgar score at 5 min. Birth weights of less than 1.5kg, and 3.5kg or greater were associated significantly with higher incidence failed TOLAC and emergency repeat CS. However, birth weights ranging from 2.0 to 3.49kg were associated with significantly lower incidence of failed TOLAC and emergency repeat CS. Birth weight of 2.5»2.99kg was associated with the lowest incidence of failed TOLAC and repeat CS. Conclusion: There is a significantly high vaginal birth after caesarian section (VBAC) success rate among carefully selected women undergoing trial of scar in Ghana although a decreasing trend towards trial of labor after caesarian section (TOLAC) and a rising CS rate were determined. TOLAC remains a viable option for child birth in low resource settings like West Africa even though there are specific clinical and management related challenges to overcome. Adequate patient education and counselling in addition to appropriate patient selection for TOLAC remains the cornerstone to achieving high VBAC success rate with minimal adverse outcomes in such settings.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1734
Appears in Collections:Surgery

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