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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1472

Title: Oral Health Quality of Life in a Nigerian University Undergraduate Population
Authors: Isiekwe, G
Onigbogi, O. O.
Olatosi, O. O.
Sofola, O. O.
Keywords: Oral Health Related Quality of Life
Undergraduate students
Young adults
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Journal of West African College of Surgeons
Series/Report no.: Vol. 4;No. 1; Pp 54 - 74
Abstract: Introduction: Oral health related quality of life is utilized in health services research to examine trends in oral health and population-based needs assessment. Objective: To assess both the generic and orthodontic specific aspects of the Oral health-related quality of life of a University undergraduate population. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out among 420 undergraduate students, aged 18-3Oyears old, attending the University of Lagos, Nigeria. The data collection was carried out through oral interviews and self-administered questionnaires. Two Oral health related quality of life instruments were used (1) Ageneric scale: the Shortened version ofthe Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and (2) A condition specific scale: the Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ). Data analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: With respect to the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) scale, the overall mean score recorded by the students was 10.431735. The physical pain subscale recorded the highest impact with 93.3%, while the least impact was recorded in the handicap subscale, with 29.9%. The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) scales revealed significant gender differences, with the subscales of ‘social impact‘, psychological impact‘ and ‘aesthetic concern‘ recording low mean subscale values. Conclusion: The mean Oral Health Impact Profile (0HIP—14) score of the students (10.43 1 7.85) in this study reflects that the oral health status of most of the students did not significantly affect their Oral health-related quality of life. However, the physical pain domain was the most severely affected aspect of their Oral health-related quality of life. The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics (PIDAQ) scale scores recorded significant gender differences.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1472
Appears in Collections:Surgery

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