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|Title: ||Oral Health Quality of Life in a Nigerian University Undergraduate Population|
|Other Titles: ||QUALITÉ DE LA VIE DE L'HYGlÉNE BUCCODENTAIRE DANS UNE POPULATION DU PREMIER CYCLE D'UNE UNIVERSITÉ NIGÉRIAN|
|Authors: ||Isiekwe, G|
Onigbogi, O. O.
Olatosi, O. O.
Sofola, O. O.
|Keywords: ||Oral Health Related Quality of Life|
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Publisher: ||Journal of West African College of Surgeons|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 4;No. 1; Pp 54 - 74|
|Abstract: ||Introduction: Oral health related quality of life is utilized in health services research to examine trends in oral health
and population-based needs assessment.
Objective: To assess both the generic and orthodontic specific aspects of the Oral health-related quality of life of a
University undergraduate population.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out among 420 undergraduate students, aged
18-3Oyears old, attending the University of Lagos, Nigeria. The data collection was carried out through oral
interviews and self-administered questionnaires. Two Oral health related quality of life instruments were used (1)
Ageneric scale: the Shortened version ofthe Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and (2) A condition specific scale:
the Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ). Data analysis was carried out using the
Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).
Results: With respect to the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) scale, the overall mean score recorded by the
students was 10.431735. The physical pain subscale recorded the highest impact with 93.3%, while the least
impact was recorded in the handicap subscale, with 29.9%. The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics
Questionnaire (PIDAQ) scales revealed significant gender differences, with the subscales of ‘social impact‘,
psychological impact‘ and ‘aesthetic concern‘ recording low mean subscale values.
Conclusion: The mean Oral Health Impact Profile (0HIP—14) score of the students (10.43 1 7.85) in this study reflects
that the oral health status of most of the students did not significantly affect their Oral health-related quality of life.
However, the physical pain domain was the most severely affected aspect of their Oral health-related quality of life. The
Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics (PIDAQ) scale scores recorded significant gender differences.|
|Appears in Collections:||Surgery|
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