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|Title: ||Predictors of Hyperlactataemia among Children Presenting With Malaria in a Low Transmission Area in The Gambia|
|Authors: ||Bhaskaran, Krishnan|
Ebonyi, Augustine O.
|Issue Date: ||2013|
|Publisher: ||Malaria Journal|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 12;No. 423; Pp 1-11|
|Abstract: ||Background: Hyperlactataemia and metabolic acidosis are important risk factors for malaria death, but measuring
lactate at the point of care is not financially viable in many resource-poor settings. This study aimed to identify
combinations of routinely available parameters that could identify children at high risk of hyperlactataemia.
Methods: Using data from a study of Gambian children aged six months to 16 years with severe or uncomplicated
malaria, logistic regression modelling with a forward stepwise model selection process was used to develop a
predictive model for hyperlactataemia from routinely available demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters.
Potential predictors of hyperlactataemia considered for the modelling process were patient characteristics
(age, sex, prior use of anti-malarials, and weight percentile for age), respiratory symptoms (deep breathing, irregular
respiration, use of accessory muscles of respiration, lung crepitations, grunting respiration, cough, and age-specific
respiratory rate), other clinical parameters recorded at presentation (duration of symptoms, Blantyre coma score,
number of convulsions prior to admission, axillary temperature, dehydration, severe prostration, splenomegaly) and
laboratory measures from blood tests (percentage parasitaemia, white cell count, lymphocyte count, neutrophil
count, monocyte count, platelet count, haemoglobin level, blood glucose level).
Results: 495 children were included, and 68 (14%) had laboratory-confirmed hyperlactataemia (lactate > 7 mmol/L).
Four features were independently associated with increased hyperlactataemia risk in a multivariable age- and
sex-adjusted model: lower Blantyre score (odds ratio (OR) compared to score 5 = 2.68 (95% CI, 1.03-6.96) for score
3–4 and 6.18 (95% CI, 2.24-17.07) for score 0–2, p = 0.001), higher percentage parasitaemia (OR = 1.07 (1.03-1.11)
per 0031% increase, p < 0.001), high respiratory rate for age (OR = 3.09 (1.50-6.38) per unit increase, p = 0.002), and
deep breathing (OR = 2.81 (1.20-6.60), p = 0.02). Cross-validated predictions from the final model achieved area
under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.83.
Conclusions: This study identified predictors of hyperlactataemia requiring only simple bedside clinical
examination and blood film examination that can be carried out in resource-limited settings to quickly identify
children at risk of dangerously raised lactate. A simple spreadsheet tool implementing the final model is supplied
as supplementary material.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics|
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