University of Jos Institutional Repository >
Medical Sciences >
Community Medicine >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||The Effect of Health Education and Antibiotic Use on the Prevalence of Trachoma in School Children in Borno State of Northern Nigeria.|
|Authors: ||Adah, O. S.|
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||Jos Journal of Medicine|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 5;No. 1; Pp 38-42|
|Abstract: ||Trachoma is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide and the leading cause of preventable
blindness/It is endemic in Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Australia and parts of Southeast
Asia? T rachoma is caused by the recurrent, chronic injection ofthe eye with Chlamydia trachomatis and
progresses from inﬂammation to conjunctiva scarring, lid deformities, corneal abrasion and visual
Meth0ds.'This was a sch0ol- based cross- sectional descriptive study among primary school pupils in
Bama Local GovernmentArea ofBorno state. Simple random sampling technique by balloting was used to
select the subjects for the study. A total ofthree hundred subjects were studied.
Results:T he prevalence of active trachoma in the schools were 32(20.9%) at Bama central Primary
school, 36(23.4%) at Soyeprimary school. Theprevalence ofactive trachoma in the malepopulation was
I 9(52.8%). In both schools, the prevalence ofactive trachoma was highest amongst the 5-9 years age
group,_ followed by the I 0-1 4 years age group.
Conclusion:Health education and antibiotic use reduced the prevalence oftrachoma in school children in
|Appears in Collections:||Community Medicine|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.