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Title: Availability and Distribution of Phototherapy Services and Health Care Providers for Neonatal Jaundice in Three Local Government Areas in Jos, North - Central Nigeria
Authors: Toma, BO
Diala, UM
Ofakunrin, AOD
Shwe, DD
Abba, J
Oguche, S
Keywords: Hyperbilirubinaemia
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics
Series/Report no.: Vol.45;No.1: Pp 1-5
Abstract: Background: Severe neonatal jaundice remains common in Nigeria. Phototherapy is the most commonly used inhospital treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Objectives: To describe the availability and distribution of phototherapy services as an essential neonatal service in hospitals in Jos, North-Central Nigeria. Methods: This was a crosssectional study of all secondary and tertiary level health facilities in Jos-North, Jos-South and Jos- East Local government Areas (LGAs) between January and March 2015. Results: There were 30 (90.9%) secondary and three (9.1%) tertiary health facilities. Twenty – eight (84.8%) were privately owned. Fourteen (42.4%) of the 33 hospitals provided phototherapy services, of which 11 (78.6%) were private. Phototherapy services were available in all the tertiary facilities and in only 11 (36.7%) of the secondary level health facilities. Most (10; 71.4%) of the hospitals with phototherapy were located in Jos-North LGA. There were 38 phototherapy units in all the 14 hospitals that offered phototherapy, consisting of 8 (21.1%) light emitting diodes (LED) and 30(78.9%) conventional units of which 25(83.3%) were locally fabricated. In all the hospitals that provided phototherapy, jaundiced neonates were managed by physicians of whom only 12% were fulltime paediatricians. All hospitals that offered phototherapy had laboratory facilities to assay bilirubin. Conclusions: Phototherapy services in Jos, Nigeria are inadequate and are concentrated in the urban private sector. An increase in phototherapy services especially in secondary public facilities is needed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2202
ISSN: 0302-4660
Appears in Collections:Paediatrics

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