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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2347

Title: The Gboko Limestone, Yandev, Benue State, Nigeria: Geology, Geochemistry and Industrial Potentials
Authors: Ofulume, Anuba Basil
Ibeneme, Sabinus Ikechukwu
Orazulike, Donatus Maduka
Haruna, Ibrahim Vela
Sani, Aishatu
Ikoro, Diugo Okechukwu
Nwankwo, Stephen Ikpendu
Ezetoha, Nnaemeka Oluchukwu
Bulus, Joseph Azi
Keywords: Benue trough
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2017
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing
Citation: Ofulume, A.B., Ibeneme, S.I., Orazulike, D.M., Haruna, I.V., Aishatu, S., Ikoro, D.O., Nwankwo, S.I., Ezetoha, N.O. and Bulus, J.A. (2017) The Gboko Limestone, Yandev, Benue State, Nigeria: Geology, Geochemistry and Industrial Potentials. Geomaterials , 7, 51-63.
Series/Report no.: Vol. 7;Iss. 2: Pp 51-63
Abstract: The Cretaceous shallow marine Gboko limestone, Yandev, Nigeria is a component of the sedimentary fill of the 800 km NE-SW trending Benue Trough, Nigeria. The limestone is made up of thin bedded to massive limestone beds interspersed with laminated grey shale having foraminifera as the dominant fossil. The limestone has both mud supported and grain supported texture, and micrites constitute about 75% of the limestone. Bulk chemical composition analysis of the limestone reveals average CaCO3 of 92.41% and a range of 77.50% - 99.00%. Mineralogical impurities include quartz, dolomite, pyrrhotite, fluorapatite etc. Trace elements concentration analysis was carried out using Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDXRF) spectrophotometry and showed the following trace elements: Mn (841.3 ppm), Sr (444.6 ppm), Fe (470 ppm), Zn (114.6 ppm) and Pb (116.4 ppm). Calcining the limestone in a laboratory muffle furnace at 1050˚C for 90 minutes produced a compact, soft burnt porous and reactive lime that does not crumble into fines. The lime so produced neither meets the requirements of the Steel Making Shop (SMS) of the Ajaokuta Steel Plant nor could it be used in the growing sugar refining industry in Nigeria. It can however be used in the food and the food by-products industry, environmental, agricultural and petroleum industries etc. The raw stone remains a major source of raw materials for cement manufacture for the ever expanding building industry.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2347
ISSN: 2161-7546
Appears in Collections:Geology and Mining

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