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|Title: ||Low Level Fluoride Content in Groundwater of the Younger Granite Aquifers in Parts of the Jos Plateau, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Dibal, Hyeladi|
Dahilo, Shem Auta
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Publisher: ||American Journal of Environmental Protection|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 3;No. 6-2; Pp 42-53|
|Abstract: ||Fluoride content in water has received a world-wide attention due to its importance to health. This study attempts to trace the factors responsible for low fluoride levels in the aquifers of the Jos Younger Granites despite the high fluorine content in the rocks. A total of 41groundwater samples (1 mining pond, 2 hand pumps and 38 hand dug wells), 7 rock samples from the various lithological units, and 13 soil sections from two exposed locations were collected and analyzed for their fluorine content. Analysis of major cations was carried out using ICP-OES; the anions were analyzed using the UV multi-ion parameter and bicarbonates by titration method. Fluoride in underground water was determined by multi-ion parameter.
Fluorine in rocks and soil were analyzed by the fusion method. The rock samples show variations in their fluorine content (Jos
– Bukuru Biotite Granite 6,231, aplo-pegmatic granite-gneiss (basement rock) 4,864, Quartz-pyroxenes-fayalite porphyry 1,280, Dilimi-Biotite Granite 258 and Ngeil Biotite Granite-162 ppm). The soil sections from different locations also show variations of fluorine with depth of sampling. Cumulatively, the fluorine content in the sections and fluoride content in water
do not correlate with fluorine in rock in the rock units. The low content in the two media, indicate that: 1. bulk fluorine have
not been released from minerals in the host rocks and those retained in soils have not been mobilized to the groundwater. 2.
Fluorine have formed complexes with other ions and occurring in compound form rather than ionic form. Apart from low
fluoride in about 70% of the water samples all other parameters are within the WHO recommended limit for house hold uses.
Although there are no records on the effect of low consumption of fluoride in water, inferences from the data show that most
areas with low fluoride level should have dental caries.|
|Appears in Collections:||Geology and Mining|
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