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|Title: ||Pediatric maxillofacial injuries at a Nigerian teaching hospital: A three-year review|
|Authors: ||Osunde, O.D.|
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2013|
|Publisher: ||Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 16;Iss.2; Pp 149-154|
|Abstract: ||Aim: To determine the nature of pediatric maxillofacial injuries, according to etiology and characteristics of patients.
Materials and Methods: The records of patients aged 15 years and below who presented with maxillofacial trauma to the
Maxillofacial Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria over a 3-year period were retrospectively examined.
Patients’ demographic and etiologic factors were obtained and analyzed. A P value of <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: A total of 160 patients comprising males, 102 (63.8%) and females 58 (36.2%), were seen over the period of
study. The age of patients range from 4 months to 15 years, mean 7.07 ± 4.52 years. There was no gender difference
in terms of age (P < 0.05). Road traffic accident (RTA) was the most common etiologic factor accounting for 45.0% of
cases. This was followed by fall (40.6%). Animal related injury and violence accounted equally for 3.8%. Soft tissue
injuries in the form of abrasion, laceration and avulsion accounted for 70.0% of cases. Other anatomical sites included
the mandible (16.3%), dento-alveolar fractures(12.5%), and midface (1.3%).
Conclusion: Road traffic accident and falls still remains the leading cause of maxillofacial injuries in children in this part of
the globe. There is a need to reinforce existing traffic laws that aimed at minimizing the menace of RTA-related accidents.|
|Appears in Collections:||Surgery|
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