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|Title: ||Analysis of Environmental Factors Affecting Rural Livelihood Diversification among Rural Dwellers in Adamawa State, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Donye, A. O.|
Ani, A. O.
Bzugu, P. M.
Nuhu, H. S.
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Publisher: ||EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 2;Iss.11; Pp 1-14|
|Abstract: ||This study analyzed the environmental factors affecting rural livelihood diversification in
Adamawa State, Nigeria. The data used for the analysis were generated from 360 respondents,
using multi-stage random sampling procedure. The analytical tools used were descriptive
(frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistics (Tobit regression). The descriptive
statistics were used in categorizing the respondents on the basis of their socio-economic
characteristics. Tobit regression was employed to determine the environmental factors affecting
livelihood diversification. The major findings were that: the frequency of natural disasters (X₁)
and season of the year (X₅) were positive and significant for livelihood diversification at 5%
level of significance. The number of natural resources (X₃) available in an environment was
positive and significant for livelihood diversification at 1% level of significance. The distance
between state headquarters, local government headquarters and major towns (X₂) and where a
respondent lives was found to be not significant. Similarly, distance between markets (X₄) and
where a respondent lives was also found to be not significant for livelihood diversification. It
was concluded that the number of natural disasters that occur and the number of natural
resources available in the study area are strong factors that affect livelihood diversification. It
was recommended, among others, that the prevailing environmental factors in a given area
should be considered at the planning stages for any rural development or empowerment projects
meant for livelihood diversification. Livelihood diversification opportunities should be made
available and possible during dry season periods in the study area.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agricultural Economics/Extension|
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