University of Jos Institutional Repository >
Veterinary Medicine >
Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Prevalence of Tuberculosis among Livestock Slaughtered for Human Consumption: A Jos Abattoir Based Study|
|Authors: ||Oragwa, A. O.|
Oziegbe, S. D.
Patrobas, M. N.
Dunka, H. I.
Buba, D. M.
Gurumyen, Y. G.
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 3;Iss.7B; Pp 777-783|
|Abstract: ||Tuberculosis is a zoonotic and infectious granulomatous disease of virtually all vertebrates caused by the
bacterial genus, Mycobacterium. Previous studies have shown that both humans and livestock like cattle, sheep and goat
are susceptible to both Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis. This retrospective study determined the
prevalence of tuberculosis among these livestock slaughtered at Jos abattoir for human consumption between 2006 and
2012, which were potential sources of humans infections. It also determined the yearly and month-wise distribution of
the prevalence of tuberculosis, and compared the prevalence among the study species. Seven-year abattoir entries were
collated. All the prevalence were calculated using Microsoft Excel, and further subjected to Chi-square test for
establishment of statistical significance using Graph-pad Prism. Lesions suggestive of tuberculosis were found in 5,726
(2.22%) animals (cattle: 5,504, sheep: 74, goat: 148) out of the 257,553 (cattle: 64,091, sheep: 72,004, goat: 121,458)
slaughtered during the study period. Yearly prevalence was highest (4.21%) in 2011, and lowest (1.76%) in 2006.
Month-wise prevalence for the study period was highest (3.24%) and lowest (1.37%) in November and April
respectively. Prevalence in cattle, sheep and goat were 8.59%, 0.1% and 0.12% respectively. This study reported high
prevalence of tuberculosis among livestock slaughtered for human consumption in the abattoir. We therefore recommend
that the appropriate authorities should intensify efforts in public awareness on the dangers of consuming tuberculosisinfected
meat, establish active surveillance network, and enforce active and thorough meat inspection.|
|Appears in Collections:||Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.