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|Title: ||Clinical Profile of Childhood Type 1 Diabetes in Jos, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||John, C|
|Issue Date: ||May-2013|
|Publisher: ||African Journal of Diabetes Medicine|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol.21;No.1;Pp 11-13|
|Abstract: ||We describe the clinical prevalence and profile of diabetic
children seen in our centre over a 1-year period. All
subjects admitted for type 1 diabetes within the review
period were recruited. Data retrieved include age, sex,
family history, clinical features, and anthropometry.
Eight subjects were admitted with a hospital prevalence
of 10.1/1000 per year. Mean and modal age were
12 years and 15 years respectively. Five were newly
diagnosed (prevalence of new diagnosis 6.3/1000 per
year). Five (67%) had a family history of diabetes. Major
complaints were polyuria, polyphagia, and polydipsia.
Two had altered sensorium on admission. Five (67%)
had a body mass index (BMI) >-2 standard deviation Z
scores. Six (75%) were in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
on admission. All DKA subjects had sepsis. Complications
noted during admission were cerebral oedema
(1) and acute kidney injury (1). Seven were discharged,
while one subject died.
This paper highlights an emerging problem in our
environment. Efforts need to be intensified in education
of health workers and the populace at large for quick
presentation and prompt diagnosis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics|
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