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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/721

Title: Paediatric Morbidity and Mortality in a Suburban Hospital in Jos, North-Central Nigeria
Authors: Toma, Bose O.
Gyang, Mark
Abdu, Halima
Shwe, David
Ekere, I.A
Ihekaike, Marcia
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Internationa Journal of Tropical Disease and Health
Series/Report no.: Vol.5;No.2; Pp 156-164
Abstract: Background: Even though there has been some decline in childhood mortality, figures still remain high in sub- Saharan Africa. The pattern of morbidity and mortality in health care institutions may be a reflection of the disease burden of the community which it serves and will facilitate prevention/ control strategies. This study was conducted to determine the pattern of paediatric morbidity and mortality in a secondary level hospital in a sub – urban area in Jos, North – central Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study is a review of paediatric admissions into the Vom Christian Hospital. Relevant data on all children who were admitted into the Vom Christian Hospital between May 2012 and April 2013 with medical conditions were retrieved from the admissions records. Data were entered into excel spread sheet and analyzed using Epi info 7. A p< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 334 children aged between one day and 15 years were admitted during the period, out of which 235 (70.4%) were children less than 5 years old. Infections (221, 66.2%) were the major causes of morbidity. Out of all the 334 admissions, 304(91%) were discharged, 7 (2.1%) left against medical advice, 6(1.8%) were referred, while 17 (5.1%) died. Malaria was the commonest cause of morbidity (102, 30.5%) and mortality (6, 35.3%). Severe protein energy malnutrition had the highest case fatality rate (25%). Conclusion: The burden of paediatric morbidity and mortality is in children under 5 years and are mainly preventable. An emphasis on malaria eradication and child survival strategies will help to reduce childhood morbidity and mortality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/721
ISSN: 2278–1005
Appears in Collections:Paediatrics

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