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|Title: ||Low Plasma Bicarbonate Predicts Poor Outcome of Cerebral Malaria in Nigerian Children|
|Authors: ||Oguche, S.|
Adeyemo, A. A.
Olumese, P. E.
|Keywords: ||Electrolyte imbalances|
|Issue Date: ||2002|
|Publisher: ||West African Journal of Medicine|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 21;No. 4; Pp 276-279|
|Abstract: ||Malaria remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in many sub Saharan countries and cerebral malaria is widely recognised as one of its most fatal forms. We studied the predictive value of routine biochemical laboratory indices in predicting the outcome of cerebral malaria in 50 Nigerian children ages 9 months to 6 years with cerebral malaria at the University College Hospital, lbadan, Nigeria. Of the 50 children studied, 43 (68%) made a full recovery, 5 (105) developed neurological sequelae while ll(22%) died. Biochemical derangements observed among the children included azotaemia (29%), elevated plasma creatinine (20%), metabolic acidiosis (22%) and hyponatraemia (16%). Metabolic acidosis and elevated plasma creatinine on admission were signiﬁcantly associated with a poor outcome (p<0.05). Hyponatracmia and hypokalaemia were not signiﬁcantly associated with outcome. On multivariated analysis, metabolic acidosis and elevated plasma creatinine on admission to hospital remained independent predictors of poor outcome after adjusting for other known risk factors. Patients with these ﬁndings require prompt referral for adequate treatment in centres equipped to manage such critically ill patients.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics|
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